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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

3 edition of Riparian buffers and controlled drainage to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution found in the catalog.

Riparian buffers and controlled drainage to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution

Deanna L. Osmond

Riparian buffers and controlled drainage to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution

by Deanna L. Osmond

  • 236 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by N.C. Agricultural Research Service, N.C. State University in Raleigh, NC .
Written in English

    Places:
  • North Carolina.
    • Subjects:
    • Nonpoint source pollution -- North Carolina.,
    • Agricultural pollution -- North Carolina.,
    • Riparian ecology -- North Carolina.

    • Edition Notes

      Statement[D.L. Osmond, J.W. Gilliam, and R.O. Evans].
      SeriesTechnical bulletin ;, 318, Technical bulletin (North Carolina Agricultural Research Service) ;, 318
      ContributionsGilliam, J. W., Evans, Robert O., North Carolina Agricultural Research Service.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsTD224.N8 O86 2002
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvi, 56 p. :
      Number of Pages56
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL3731645M
      LC Control Number2003387593
      OCLC/WorldCa51197421

      The increasing problem of agricultural nonpoint source pollution requires complex solutions. Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution: Watershed Management and Hydrology covers the latest techniques and methods of managing large watershed areas, with an emphasis on controlling non-point source pollution, especially from agricultural run-off.5/5(1). Types of buffers can include grassed waterways, filter strips, riparian buffers, contour buffer strips, field borders, and wetlands. Use of Controlled Drainage. By collecting water and manipulating the levels harvested, controlled drainage can be a successful methods of moderating precipitation-related stress on plants during flood or drought.

        Agricultural nonpoint source pollution is a significant cause of stream and lake contamination in many regions of industrialized world. A major causative source of this pollution is nutrients such as phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) that are lost from soils of fertilized agricultural and forestry operations, particularly in coarse-textured.   Surface waters within watersheds of the Midwest dominated by corn-soybean production contain some of the highest loads of nonpoint source nitrate in the nation. These nitrate loads have potentially widespread impacts on both public health and ecosystem function. Public regulatory agencies are responding to resulting issues such as hypoxia in the Gulf of Mexico by requesting that states .

      Riparian buffers and controlled drainage to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution. North Carolina Agricultural Research Service Technical Bulletin , North Carolina State University. Raleigh, N.C. 56 p. Dukes, M.D., R.O. Evans, J.W. Gilliam, S.H. Kunickis. Effect of riparian buffer width and vegetation type on shallow. Keywords: Non-Point Source Pollution, Riparian Forest Buffer Zone, Source-Sink, Taihu Lake. 1. Introduction. The Taihu Lake basin has an area of 36 km2, located in three provinces and one municipality. The percentage in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui provinces and Shanghai is 52%, %, % and % respectively. The water.


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Riparian buffers and controlled drainage to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution by Deanna L. Osmond Download PDF EPUB FB2

Riparian Buffers and Controlled Drainage to Reduce Agricultural NPS Pollution 1 INTRODUCTION The Problem of Water Pollution in North Carolina North Carolina is a state with abundant water resources.

There are o miles of streams and rivers in North Carolina as well as several of the largest estuaries in the. Request PDF | On Jan 1,D. Osmond and others published Riparian Buffers and Controlled Drainage to Reduce Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution.

This technical bulletin discusses riparian buffers and controlled drainage as best practices to reduce nonpoint (diffuse runoff) water pollution in North Carolina's basins. The article covers in-depth explanations of riparian buffers and controlled drainage; designs, how they work to protect stream health and reduce nitrogen and pesticides.

Recommendations for best practices are. Riparian Buffers and Controlled Drainage to Reduce Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution By: Deanna Osmond, J. Wendell Gilliam, Robert Evans This technical bulletin discusses riparian buffers and controlled drainage as best practices to reduce nonpoint (diffuse runoff) water pollution in North Carolina's basins.

As a result, a combination of nutrient management, controlled drainage, and riparian buffer best management practices have been mandated in the Neuse River Basin to reduce the loss of agricultural nonpoint source by: 5.

Riparian buffers have the potential to improve stream water quality in agricultural landscapes. This potential may vary in response to landscape characteristics such as soils, topography, land use, and human activities, including legacies of historical land management.

We built a predictive model to estimate the sediment and phosphorus load reduction that should be achievable following the Cited by:   Wetlands and riparian areas typically occur as natural buffers between uplands and adjacent water bodies. They act as natural filters of nonpoint source pollutants, including sediment, nutrients, pathogens and metals, to waterbodies, such as rivers, streams, lakes and coastal waters.

It is important to preserve and restore wetlands and riparian areas because these areas can play a. Landscape Planning for Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution Reduction III: Assessing Phosphorus and Sediment Reduction Potential Matthew W. Diebel Æ Jeffrey T. Maxted Æ.

tices to control non point source pollution from agriculture. The paper is based on U.S. experi-ences in the Chesapeake Bay watershed which faces similar problems. I believe this document will be very useful for all who are concerned in the preparation and implementation of Agriculture Pollution Control Projects in the countries of the Europe and.

Yonghong Wu, in Periphyton, Introduction. Nonpoint source pollution refers to water pollution from diffuse sources (Wilson et al., ).Nonpoint source water pollution negatively influences water bodies from sources such as polluted runoff from agricultural areas draining into a river, or windborne debris blowing out to sea.

Riparian Buffers. SoilFacts: Agricultural Riparian Buffers; Riparian Buffers and Controlled Drainage to Reduce Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution; Water Quality. SoilFacts: Nitrogen Management and Water Quality; SoilFacts: Good Soil Management Helps Protect Groundwater; WaterShedss – A Decision Support System for Nonpoint Source Pollution Control; Grazing Practices.

controlled drainage, and riparian buffer best management practices have been mandated in the Neuse River Basin to reduce the loss of agricultural nonpoint source pollution. A large portion of the agricultural nonpoint source nitrogen losses to surface.

Riparian buffers have the potential to improve stream water quality in agricultural landscapes. This potential may vary in response to landscape characteristics such as soils, topography, land use, and human activities, including legacies of historical land management. We built a predictive model to estimate the sediment and phosphorus load reduction that should be achievable following the Cited by: objective of many agricultural NPS pollution projects is to reduce the delivery of soil from cropland to water bodies.

A system of management practices can be designed to reduce soil detachment, erosion potential, and off-site transport of eroded soil. Such a system could include conservation tillage to reduce soil detachment and cropland erosion.

EVA L U AT I N G RIPARIAN BUFFERS FOR NONPOINT SOURCE POLLUTION CONTROL IN AN URBAN SETTING USING THE RIPARIAN ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT MODEL, REMM B.E.

Allison 1, S. Fatula2 and D.P. Wolanski3 ABSTRACT Environmental planners recognize the importance of maintaining the integrity of a riparian buffer when land is developed for urban Size: KB.

Riparian Buffers and Controlled Drainage to Reduce Agricultural Nonpoint Source Pollution, Technicial Bulliden, J. Gilliam, Robert O. Evans Surface Outlets for Sediment Basins, AGW,R.

McLaughlin, Albert R. Jarrett. It is popularly accepted that vegetated buffer zones are effective in removing water pollutants from surface runoff. However, there is a paucity of detailed information about establishing and maintaining buffer zones under different conditions, particularly in large catchments with diverse land uses.

This paper reviews information on the application and effectiveness of vegetated buffer zones Cited by:   The National Water Quality Assessment shows that agricultural nonpoint source (NPS) pollution is the leading source of water quality impacts on surveyed rivers and streams, the third largest source for lakes, the second largest source of impairments to wetlands, and a major contributor to contamination of surveyed estuaries and ground water.

What is Nonpoint Source Pollution. Current: What You Can Do to Reduce or Stop Nonpoint Source Pollution State and local governments, volunteer groups, water quality professionals, and ordinary people are working together to clean up our lakes, rivers, streams, and wetlands.

Most programs used to control agricultural nonpoint source pollution focus on in-field best-management practices, but there is a growing interest in the use of off-field control techniques (Clausen and Meals, ).The most commonly used off-field control practices are vegetative filter strips and riparian buffer zones.

Vegetative filter strips are narrow strips of managed grassland situated. lakes, and estuaries from nonpoint source pollution was estimated to be about $7 to $9 billion a year in the mids (Ribaudo ).

Nonpoint source pollution can be difficult to control, measure, and monitor. In most cases, a combination of practices are required to address the problem. This may include the proper application of fertilizers andFile Size: 2MB.Vegetative Filter Strips for Nonpoint Source Pollution Control in Agriculture MARK E.

GRISMER, Professor of Hydrology and Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, UC Davis; ANTHONY TOBY O’GEEN, UC Cooperative Extension Assistant Soil Resource Specialist, Department of Land, Air, andFile Size: KB.

3 Agricultural water quality management plan to reduce agricultural nonpoint source pollution are developed and implemented by the Oregon Department of Agriculture through a cooperative agreement with DEQ to implement applicable provisions of ORS to and If the department.